‘Beyond the Paradox of Exporting the Rule of Law: Resilience and the War on Drugs in the Americas’ in René Provost (ed.) Culture in the Domains of Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2017).
‘Human Rights: From Universalism to Pragmatism’ in Julian Petley, Des Freedman, Gholam Khiabany and Kate Nash (eds) Liberalism in Neoliberal Times: Dimensions, Contradictions, Limits (London; Goldsmiths Press, forthcoming 2017).
79. ‘The New International Paternalism: International Regimes’ in Michael Barnett (ed.) Paternalism Beyond Borders (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016), pp.132-158.
Nearly all of those who want to make the world a better place are engaged in paternalism. This book asks how power is intertwined with practices of global compassion. It argues that the concept of paternalism illuminates how care and control are involved in the everyday practices of humanitarianism, human rights, development and other projects designed to improve the lives of others. The authors explore whether and how the paternalism of the nineteenth century differs from the paternalism of today, and offer a provocative look at the power in global ethics, raising the question of whether, when, and how paternalism can be justified.
78. (with Jon Coaffee) ‘Introduction: Contested Paradigms of International Resilience’ in David Chandler and Jon Coaffee (eds) The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience (London: Routledge, 2016).
77. ‘Resilience, Complexity and Neoliberalism’ in David Chandler and Jon Coaffee (eds) The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience (London: Routledge, 2016).
76. (with Jon Coaffee) ‘Conclusion: International Resilience and the Uncertain Future’ in David Chandler and Jon Coaffee (eds) The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience (London: Routledge, 2016)
Resilience is increasingly discussed as a key concept across many fields of international policymaking from sustainable development and climate change, insecurity, conflict and terrorism to urban and rural planning, international aid provision and the prevention of and responses to natural and man-made disasters. Edited by leading academic authorities from a number of disciplines, this is the first handbook to deal with resilience as a new conceptual approach to understanding and addressing a range of interdependent global challenges. The Handbook is divided into nine sections: Introduction: contested paradigms of resilience; the challenges of resilience; governing uncertainty; resilience and neoliberalism; environmental concerns and climate change adaptation; urban planning; disaster risk reduction and response; international security and insecurity; the policy and practices of international development. Highlighting how resilience-thinking is increasingly transforming international policy-making and government and institutional practices, this book will be an indispensable source of information for students, academics and the wider public interested in resilience, international relations and international security.
75. ‘Politics and Governance: From Emergency to Emergence’ in Oliver RIchmond, Sandra Pogodda and Jasmin Ramovic (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Disciplinary and Regional Approaches to Peace (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2016), pp.32-44.
In this handbook, a diverse range of leading scholars consider the social, cultural, economic, political, and developmental underpinnings of peace. This handbook is a much-needed response to the failures of contemporary peacebuilding missions and narrow disciplinary debates, both of which have outlined the need for more interdisciplinary work in International Relations and Peace and Conflict studies. Scholars, students, and policymakers are often disillusioned with universalist and northern-dominated approaches, and a better understanding of the variations of peace and its building blocks, across different regions, is required. Collectively, these chapters promote a more differentiated notion of peace, employing comparative analysis to explain how peace is debated and contested.
74. ‘Big Data: Affect Theory for Architecture in the Anthropocene’ in Lindsay Bremner and Roberto Bottazzi (eds) Architecture, Energy, Matter: Design Studio 18 (London: University of Westminster, 2016), pp.10-15.
This book is a collection of essays and an edited selection of the work produced by Design Studio 18 (DS18) tutored by Lindsay Bremner and Roberto Bottazzi in the Department of Architecture at the University of Westminster, 2013-2015. The aim of the studio over this period was to approach problems of energy, energy infrastructure and resource extraction as architectural questions i.e. as political, cultural and aesthetic problems, as much as technological ones. Computational tools were used to simulate material processes and to enlist, visualise and enliven data in the service of design.
73. ‘Intervention’ in Felix Berenskoetter (ed.) Concepts in World Politics (London: Sage, 2016), pp.271-287.
Recognizing the vital importance of concepts in shaping our understanding of international relations, this ground-breaking new book puts concepts front and centre, systematically unpacking them in a clear, critical and engaging way. With contributions from some of the foremost authorities in the field, Concepts in World Politics explores 17 core concepts, from democracy to globalization, sovereignty to revolution, and covers: The multiple meanings of a concept, where these meanings come from, and how they are employed theoretically and practically; The consequences of using concepts to frame the world in one way or another; The method of concept analysis. A challenging and stimulating read, Concepts in World Politics is an indispensable guide for all students of international relations looking to develop a more nuanced and sophisticated understanding of world politics.
72. ‘Resilience’ in Thierry Balzacq and Myriam Dunn Cavelty (eds) Routledge Handbook of Security Studies, 2nd ed. (London: Routledge, 2016), pp.436-446.
This revised and updated second edition features over twenty new chapters and offers a wide-ranging collection of cutting-edge essays from leading scholars in the field of Security Studies. The field of Security Studies has undergone significant change during the past 20 years, and is now one of the most dynamic sub-disciplines within International Relations. This second edition has been significantly updated to address contemporary and emerging security threats with chapters on organised crime, migration and security, cyber-security, energy security, the Syrian conflict and resilience, amongst many others. Comprising articles by both established and up-and-coming scholars, The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies provides a comprehensive overview of the key contemporary topics of research and debate in the field of Security Studies. The volume is divided into four main parts: • Part I: Theoretical Approaches to Security • Part II: Security Challenges • Part III: Regional (In)Security • Part IV: Security Governance. This new edition of the Handbook is a benchmark publication with major importance for both current research and the future of the field. It will be essential reading for all scholars and students of Security Studies, War and Conflict Studies, and International Relations.
71. ‘The Critique of Human Rights’ in Michael Goodhart (ed.) Human Rights: Politics and Practice, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).
Human Rights: Politics and Practice is the most comprehensive, most topical, and most student-friendly introduction to human rights. Bringing together a range of international experts including political scientists, philosophers, lawyers, and policy-makers, the book provides students with a broad range of perspectives on the theoretical and practical issues in this constantly evolving field. In addition to in-depth theoretical content, the book also features unrivalled coverage of human rights issues in practice, with a wide range of case studies to explore concrete examples from around the world. The third edition has been brought fully up-to-date with the most recent events and latest research developments in the area. Two new chapters have been added: one on religion and human rights, and one on sexual orientation and gender identity and human rights, introducing students to these important topics and expanding the theoretical and practical discussion of issues of universalism and relativism. The new edition also features a range of carefully developed pedagogical features to aid student learning, encourage critical analysis, and challenge students to question their own assumptions. The book is accompanied by an Online Resource Centre to enhance students’ learning and provide valuable support for lecturers.
70. ‘Humanitarianism Reborn: The Shift from Governing Causes to Governing Effects’ in Volker Heins, Kai Koddenbrock and Christine Unrau (eds) Humanitarianism and Challenges of Cooperation (London: Routledge, 2016), pp.39-53.
Humanitarianism as a moral concept and an organized practice has become a major factor in world society. It channels an enormous amount of resources and serves as an argument for different kinds of interference into the “internal affairs” of countries and regions. At the same time, and for these very reasons, it is an ideal testing ground for successful and unsuccessful cooperation across borders. Humanitarianism and the Challenges of Cooperation examines the multiple humanitarianisms of today as a testing ground for new ways of global cooperation. General trends in the contemporary transformation of humanitarianism are studied and individual cases of how humanitarian actors cooperate with others on the ground are investigated. This book offers a highly innovative, empirically informed account of global humanitarianism from the point of view of cooperation research in which internationally renowned contributors analyse broad trends and present case studies based on meticulous fieldwork. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers in the areas of political science, international relations and humanitarianism. It is also a valuable resource for humanitarian aid workers.
69. ‘The Future of Peacebuilding’ in Tobias Debiel, Thomas Held and Ulrich Schneckener (eds) Peacebuilding in Crisis: Rethinking Paradigms and Practices of Transnational Cooperation (London: Routledge, 2016), pp.41-55.
The 1990s saw a constant increase in international peace missions, predominantly led by the United Nations, whose mandates were more and more extended to implement societal and political transformations in post-conflict societies. However, in many cases these missions did not meet the high expectations and did not acquire a sufficient legitimacy on the local level. Written by leading experts in the field, this edited volume brings together ‘liberal’ and ‘post-liberal’ approaches to peacebuilding. Besides challenging dominant peacebuilding paradigms, the book scrutinizes how far key concepts of post-liberal peacebuilding offer sound categories and new perspectives to reframe peacebuilding research. It thus moves beyond the ‘liberal’–‘post-liberal’ divide and systematically integrates further perspectives, paving the way for a new era in peacebuilding research which is theory-guided, but also substantiated in the empirical analysis of peacebuilding practices. This book will be essential reading for postgraduate students and scholar-practitioners working in the field of peacebuilding. By embedding the subject area into different research perspectives, the book will also be relevant for scholars who come from related backgrounds, such as democracy promotion, transitional justice, statebuilding, conflict and development research and international relations in general.
68. ‘Understanding the Gap between the Promise and the Reality of ‘the Responsibility to Protect’ in Brett R. O’Bannon (ed.) Reassessing the Responsibility to Protect: Conceptual and Operational Challenges (London: Routledge, 2015), pp.35-50.
One of the most striking aspects of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine appears to be the gap between the promise and the reality. In 2001 when the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) published its report ‘The Responsibility to Protect’, there was little doubt that, as stated in the ‘Foreword’ the concept of R2P was ‘about the so-called “right of humanitarian intervention” – the question of when, if ever, it is appropriate for states to take coercive – and in particular military – action, against another state for the purpose of protecting people at risk in that other state’ (ICISS 2001: vii). The ICISS was tasked with trying to develop a global political consensus on the question of humanitarian intervention, which it believed it had achieved through reformulating the problem in terms of the ‘responsibility to protect’. Today, the relationship between the R2P and the right of humanitarian intervention appears to be much less clear. This shift in the meaning of R2P will be the subject of this chapter and is at the heart of the apparent gap between the ‘promise’ of R2P and the policy realities, which has been facilitated by the fact that it would appear that R2P’s universal acceptance has come at a cost to both its meaning and application.
67. ‘Forward’ in Katja Linskov Jacobsen, The Politics of Humanitarian Technology: Good Intentions, Unintended Consequences and Insecurity (London: Routledge, 2015), pp.ix-xi.
This book offers a detailed exploration of three examples of humanitarian uses of new technology, employing key theoretical insights from Foucault. We are currently seeing a humanitarian turn to new digital technologies, such as biometrics, remote sensing, and surveillance drones. However, such humanitarian uses of new technology have not always produced beneficial results for those at the receiving end and have sometimes exposed the subjects of assistance to additional risks and insecurities. Engaging with key insights from the work of Foucault combined with selected concepts from the Science and Technology Studies literature, this book produces an analytical framework that opens up the analysis to details of power and control at the level of materiality that are often ignored in liberal histories of war and modernity. Whereas Foucault details the design of prisons, factories, schools, etc., this book is original in its use of his work, in that it uses these key insights about the details of power embedded in material design, but shifts the attention to the technologies and attending forms of power that have been experimented with in the three humanitarian endeavours presented in the book. In doing so, the book provides new information about aspects of liberal humanitarianism that contemporary critical analyses have largely neglected.
66. ‘From the Assembly to the Agora: Nonlinear Politics and the Politicisation of Everyday Life’ in Albena Azmanova and Mihaela Mihai (eds) Reclaiming Democracy: Judgment, Responsibility and the Right to Politics (New York: Routledge, 2015), pp.202-218.
Democracy is in shambles economically and politically. The recent economic meltdown in Europe and the U.S. has substituted democratic deliberation with technocratic decisions. In Athens, Madrid, Lisbon, New York, Pittsburgh or Istanbul, protesters have denounced the incapacity and unwillingness of elected officials to heed to their voices. While the diagnosis of our political-economic illness has been established, remedies are hard to come. What can we do to restore our broken democracy? Which modes of political participation are likely to have an impact? And what are the loci of political innovation in the wake of the crisis? It is with these questions that Reclaiming Democracy engages. We argue that the managerial approach to solving the crisis violates ‘a right to politics’, that is, a right that our collective life be guided by meaningful politics: by discussion of and decision among genuinely alternative principles and policies. The contributors to this volume are united in their commitment to explore how and where this right can be affirmed in a way that resuscitates democracy in the wake of the crisis. Mixing theoretical reflection and empirical analysis the book offers fresh insights into democracy’s current conundrum and makes concrete proposals about how ‘the right to politics’ can be protected.
65. ‘Universal Rights and Individual Freedom’ in Roger Mac Ginty and Jenny H Peterson (eds) The Routledge Companion to Humanitarian Action (London: Routledge, 2015), pp.98-108.
The Companion on Humanitarian Action addresses the political, ethical, legal and practical issues which influence reactions to humanitarian crisis. It does so by exploring the daily dilemmas faced by a range of actors, including policy makers, aid workers, the private sector and the beneficiaries of aid and by challenging common perceptions regarding humanitarian crisis and the policies put in place to address these. Through such explorations, it provides practitioners and scholars with the knowledge needed to both understand and improve upon current forms of humanitarian action. The Companion will be of use to those interested a range of humanitarian programmes ranging from emergency medical assistance, military interventions, managing refugee flows and the implementation of international humanitarian law. As opposed to addressing specific programmes, it will explore five themes seen as relevant to understanding and engaging in all modes of humanitarian action. The first section explores varying interpretations of humanitarianism, including critical historical and political-economic explanations as well as more practice based explorations focused on notions needs assessments and evaluation. Following this, readers will be exposed to the latest debates on a range of humanitarian principles including neutrality and sovereignty, before exploring the key issues faced by the main actors involved in humanitarian crisis (from international NGOs to local community based organizations). The final two sections address what are seen as key dilemmas in regards to humanitarian action and emerging trends in the humanitarian system, including the increasing role of social media in responding to crises.
64. ‘Building Global Civil Society ‘from Below’?’ in Paul James (ed.) Globalization and Politics (London: Sage, forthcoming 2014), Vol. 2, Pt. 6.
The final set of the Central Currents in Globalization series starts off with two volumes that focus on the politics of globalization from ‘above’ and ‘below’. The first volume considers the idea of global political governance, including the impact of globalization on the nation-state and the role of multilateral regimes such as the United Nations. The second volume looks at globalizing political developments at ground level, including the notion of a ‘global civil society’ and the rise of the ‘anti-globalization’ movement. The final two volumes in the series review the various social theories and philosophies of globalization – including cosmopolitanism and human rights – along with the political critiques of globalization as homogenizing, marginalizing and/or exploitative force. Volume Two: Global Social Movements and Global Civil Society (with Paul van Seters, University of Tilburg, The Netherlands).
63. ‘Humanitarianism, Development and the Liberal Peace’ in Michele Acuto (ed.) Negotiating Relief: The Dialectics of Humanitarian Space (London: Hurst & Co., 2014), pp.231-246.
‘This is a very valuable collection. Michele Acuto has sketched out a new way of looking at humanitarian diplomacy, and brought together an impressive array of humanitarian scholars to examine what it means for humanitarian action to take an ever larger place in local and international politics. An excellent one-stop shop for humanitarian students and professionals alike.’ — Hugo Slim, Senior Research Fellow at the university of Oxford Institute for Ethics, and author of Killing Civilians: Method, Madness and Morality in War. ‘One of the most notable features of modern society is the internationalisation of the human conscience and one of the great advances of the last hundred years has been the universalisation of the human rights norm. What does this signify for public policy in local and international politics? What is the humanitarian community, who are the humanitarian actors, is there such a thing as humanitarian space, and how sacrosanct should it be? A stellar cast of authors is assembled in this impressive volume to guide us towards answers to these critical questions of contested humanitarianism in an increasingly congested global space.’ –Ramesh Thakur, Professor, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, and Editor-in-Chief, Global Governance.
62. ‘Rethinking the Subject of Human Security’ in Mustapha Kamal Pasha (ed.) Globalization, Difference, and Human Security (London: Routledge, 2013), pp.38-50.
Globalization, Difference, and Human Security seeks to advance critical human security studies by re-framing the concept of human security in terms of the thematic of difference. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, the volume is framed, among others, around the following key questions: What are the silences and erasures of advancing a critical human security alternative without making recognition of difference its central plank?How do we rethink the complex interplay of human security and difference in distinct and varied spatial and cultural settings produced by global forces? What is the nexus between human security and the broader field of global development? What new challenges to Human Security and International Relations are produced with the rise of the ‘post-liberal’ or ‘post-secular’ subject? In what ways releasing human security from identification with the territorial state helps reconceptualize culture? How does Human Security serve as a subspecies of modern humanitarian thought or the latter reinforce imperial imaginaries and the structures of order and morality? Is the pursuit of indigenous rights fundamentally counterpoised to the pursuit of human security? What difference it might make to take the ‘doings and beings’ of communities-of-subsistence rather than basic-needs/wealth-seeking individuals as a point of departure in critical human security studies? How does reconstruction bind post-war and post-disaster states and societies into the global capitalist-democratic political structure?
61. ‘Where is the Human in Human-Centred approaches to Development? A Biopolitical Critique of Amartya Sen’s “Development as Freedom”‘ in Sandro Mezzadra, Julian Reid and Ranabir Samaddar (eds) Biopolitics of Development: Reading Michel Foucault in the Postcolonial Present (New Delhi: Springer, 2013).
This book offers an original analysis and theorization of the biopolitics of development in the postcolonial present, and draws significantly from the later works of Michel Foucault on biopolitics. Foucault’s works have had a massive influence on postcolonial literatures, particularly in political science and international relations, and several authors of this book have themselves made significant contributions to that influence. While Foucault’s thought has been inspirational for understanding colonial biopolitics as well as governmental rationalities concerned with development, his works have too often failed to inspire studies of political subjectivity. Instead, they have been used to stoke the myth of the inevitability of the decline of collective political subjects, often describing an increasingly limited horizon of political possibilities, and provoking a disenchantment with the political itself in postcolonial works and studies. Working against the grain of current Foucauldian scholarship, this book underlines the importance of Foucault’s work for the capacity to recognize how this degraded view of political subjectivity came about, particularly within the framework of the discourses and politics of ‘development’, and with particular attention to the predicaments of postcolonial peoples. It explores how we can use Foucault’s ideas to recover the vital capacity to think and act politically at a time when fundamentally human capacities to think, know and to act purposively in the world are being pathologized as expressions of the hubris and ‘underdevelopment’ of postcolonial peoples.
60. ‘The Semantics of “Crisis Management”: Simulation and EU Statebuilding in the Balkans’ in Nicolas Lemay-Hébert, Nicholas Onuf, Vojin Rakic and Petar Bojanic (eds) The Semantics of Statebuilding: Language, Meaning and Sovereignty (London: Routledge, 2013).
This volume examines international statebuilding in terms of language and meanings, rather than focusing narrowly on current policy practices. After two decades of evolution towards more ‘integrated,’ ‘multi-faceted’ or, simply stated, more intrusive statebuilding and peacebuilding operations, a critical literature has slowly emerged on the economic, social and political impacts of these interventions. Scholars have started to analyse the ‘unintended consequences’ of peacebuilding missions, analysing all aspects of interventions. Central to the book is the understanding that language is both the most important tool for building anything of social significance, and the primary repository of meanings in any social setting. Hence, this volume exemplifies how the multiple realities of state, state fragility and statebuilding are being conceptualised in mainstream literature, by highlighting the repercussions this conceptualisation has on ‘good practices’ for statebuilding. Drawing together leading scholars in the field, this project provides a meeting point between constructivism in international relations and the critical perspective on liberal peacebuilding, shedding new light on the commonly accepted meanings and concepts underlying the international (or world) order, as well as the semantics of contemporary statebuilding practices. This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding and intervention, war and conflict studies, security studies and international relations.
59. ‘The Onto-Politics of Assemblages’ in Michele Acuto and Simon Curtis (eds) Reassembling International Theory: Assemblage Thinking and International Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2013).
What can ‘assemblage thinking’ contribute to international theory? Assemblages have been invoked in several disciplines to make sense of the heterogeneity of the elements of society and the ways in which these are politically intertwined. Can parallel developments be prompted in IR? Reassembling International Theory investigates how the contemporary debates on assemblages in social theory can contribute to generating critical considerations on the connections and dissociation of political agency, physical world and international dynamics. It draws on a variety of international relations experiences and on conversations with key ‘assemblage’ theorists to tease out the theoretical and methodological implications, ontological and material dynamics, as well as the politics of assemblage thinking. Including contributions from Rita Abrahamsen, Roland Bleiker, Antoine Bousquet, Christian Bueger, David Chandler, Stephen Collier, Olaf Corry, Xavier Guillaume, Graham Harman, Debbie Lisle, Maximilian Mayer, Aihwa Ong, Mark Salter, Saskia Sassen, Peer Schouten, Nick Srnicek and Michael Williams, this text will appeal to scholars in International Relations, Political Sociology and Human Geography.
58. ‘Human Security: The Dog That Didn’t Bark’ in Taylor Owen (ed.) Human Security: Volume 2 As Critical Theory (London: Sage, 2013).
Human security is understood as a response to the proliferation of new security threats which fit awkwardly within the relatively narrow confines of the traditional, state-centric national security paradigm. Human Security is a field of study that has emerged over the last 20 years. It is a sub-section of security studies but encompass a diverse range of academic disciplines and policy discourses (development studies, international relations, environmental studies, public health, economics, gender issues, human rights and foreign policy). It is also increasingly being adopted by policy-makers from individual nation states (Canada and Japan), bodies (European Union and the African Union) as well as institutionalized by the United Nations, and used by non-state actors in such as NGOs and the corporate sector. This volume serves as a valuable compilation of a disparate discourse, and a core reference for scholars and practitioners in a wide range of fields.
57. ‘Ideological (Mis)Use of Human Rights’ in Michael Goodhart (ed.) Human Rights: Politics and Practice (2nd ed.) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp.107-122.
Human Rights: Politics and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to human rights that takes students beyond a purely legal perspective to look at theoretical issues and practical approaches. It brings together international experts including political scientists, philosophers, lawyers, and policy-makers, and is up to date with a constantly evolving field. The second edition sees an expansion of theoretical content, and introduces students to areas of growing importance, including non-western approaches to human rights. It also looks at feminist approaches, and includes more material on group and individual rights. In addition, the book includes more critical perspectives, and there is more material on global civil society and children’s human rights. A new concluding chapter charts the possible future development of human rights and ensures that students are up to date. The book includes carefully considered pedagogical features to aid student learning, and the practical chapters each contain a case study which explores a concrete example in depth. The book is accompanied by an Online Resource Centre, which enhances student learning and provides valuable support for lecturers.
56. (with Timothy D. Sisk) ‘Introduction: International Statebuilding in War-Torn Societies’ in David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk (eds) Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding (London: Routledge, 2013), pp.xix-xxvii.
55. ‘Statebuilding, Civil Society and the Privileging of Difference’ in David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk (eds) Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding (London: Routledge, 2013), pp.83-93.
This new Handbook offers a combination of theoretical, thematic and empirical analyses of the statebuilding regime, written by leading international scholars. Over the past decade, international statebuilding has become one of the most important and least understood areas of international policy-making. Today, there are around one billion people living in some 50-60 conflict-affected, ‘fragile’ states, vulnerable to political violence and civil war. The international community grapples with the core challenges and dilemmas of using outside force, aid, and persuasion to build states in the wake of conflict and to prevent such countries from lapsing into devastating violence. The Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding is a comprehensive resource for this emerging area in International Relations. The volume is designed to guide the reader through the background and development of international statebuilding as a policy area, as well as exploring in depth significant issues such as security, development, democracy and human rights. Divided into three main parts, this Handbook provides a single-source overview of the key topics in international statebuilding: Part One: Concepts and Approaches; Part Two: Security, Development and Democracy; Part Three: Policy Implementation. This Handbook will be essential reading for students of statebuilding, humanitarian intervention, peacebuilding, development, war and conflict studies and IR/Security Studies in general.
54. ‘The EU and Southeastern Europe: The Rise of Post-Liberal Governance’, in Wil Hout (ed.) EU Strategies on Governance Reform: Between Development and State-building (London: Routledge, 2012), 69-86.
This book discusses the European Union’s approach to governance reform in its development assistance relationships with various groups of developing countries. A group of expert authors outline the general features of the position on governance taken by the EU, which is currently the major multilateral donor of development assistance, and discuss the implementation of EU policies in a set of cases: the group of African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Southeastern Europe, Central Asia, the Euro-Mediterranean, Latin America and fragile states. The contributions to the book argue that the EU’s position on governance reform, particularly since the adoption of the European Consensus on Development in 2005, has had distinctly neoliberal overtones. The EU’s governance-related strategies have been instrumental to deepening market-based reform in aid-receiving countries. Policies on state-building adopted by the EU reflect mainly the interests of and ideas embraced by the EU and its member states. To an important extent, the rhetoric accompanying EU policies does not match with the political and social dynamics inherent in governance structures on the ground in many of its aid-recipient partner countries. This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
53. ‘The Limits of Post-Territorial Political Community’ in Eva Erman and Ludvig Beckman (eds) Territories of Citizenship (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), pp.100-122.
This volume bridges two separate academic debates on the problems of democracy and the political community in a transnational context. The authors discuss the theoretical concerns of citizenship in an age of globalization and the inclusive and exclusive character of citizenship in contemporary society, taking as a starting point the status, role and function of citizenship within democratic systems and multilayered government structures. This novel approach adds a broad array of critical, conceptual and normative perspectives on the borders, territories and political agents of the state, employing a variety of disciplines to explore the possibilities and challenges for citizens as political agents in light of present processes of fragmentation and pluralization.
52. ‘Comment le state-building affaiblit les Etats’ in Francois Polet (ed.) (Re-)construire les Etats: Nouvelle Frontiere de l’ingerence (Paris: Centre Tricontinental and Editions Syllepse, 2012), pp.23-36.
Du Sud-Soudan au Cambodge, d’Haïti à l’Afghanistan, en passant par le Liberia, le Rwanda, la Somalie, le Liban, l’Irak, la Palestine, la Libye, les experts en “state building” s’affairent auprès d’États “faillis”, “en crise”, récemment “libérés” ou “nouveaux nés”. Côté face, une intention humanitaire : aider des pays déchirés à se doter rapidement d’institutions capables de garantir la paix et le respect des droits de base de leur population. Côté pile, des enjeux économiques et géopolitiques mal cachés, mais aussi la montée en puissance d’une doctrine sécuritaire qui vire à l’obsession. Les zones de « non-droit » étant perçues comme les foyers des grandes menaces du nouveau millénaire (terrorisme, pandémies, vagues d’immigration, criminalité, etc.), les doter d’institutions « souveraines » devient motif légitime d’ingérence aux yeux de la communauté internationale… A l’ambivalence des desseins s’ajoutent les contradictions du terrain. La mise en place d’institutions “pour le bien de la population » est souvent la face civile d’une présence militaire vécue sur le mode de l’imposition par les premiers concernés. Et l’ingénierie institutionnelle mise en œuvre s’inspire davantage des « standards internationaux” que des dynamiques sociopolitiques locales, avec les effets pervers en cascade que cela suppose.
51. ‘Introduction’ (with Susanna Campbell and Meera Sabaratnam) in Susanna Campbell, David Chandler and Meera Sabaratnam (eds) A Liberal Peace? The Problems and Practices of Peacebuilding (London: Zed Books, 2011), pp.1-9.
50. ‘The Uncritical Critique of Liberal Peace’ in Susanna Campbell, David Chandler and Meera Sabaratnam (eds) A Liberal Peace? The Problems and Practices of Peacebuilding (London: Zed Books, 2011), pp.174-190.
Moving beyond the binary argument between those who buy into the aims of creating liberal democratic states grounded in free markets and rule of law, and those who critique and oppose them, this timely and much-needed critical volume takes a fresh look at the liberal peace debate. In doing so, it examines the validity of this critique in contemporary peacebuilding and statebuilding practice through a multitude of case studies – from Afghanistan to Somalia, Sri Lanka to Kosovo. Going further, it investigates the underlying theoretical assumptions of liberal peacebuilding and statebuilding, as well as providing new theoretical propositions for understanding current interventions. Written by some of the most prominent scholars in the field, alongside several new scholars making cutting edge contributions, this is an essential contribution to a rapidly growing interdisciplinary area of study.
49. ‘Building Global Civil Society “From Below”?’ in Mervyn Frost (ed.) International Ethics, Volume Two (London: Sage, 2011).
48. ‘Rhetoric Without Responsibility: The Attraction of Ethical Foreign Policy’ in Mervyn Frost (ed.) International Ethics, Volume Three (London: Sage, 2011).
The SAGE Library of International Relations brings together the most influential and field-defining articles, both classical and contemporary, in a number of key areas of research and inquiry in International Relations. Each multi-volume set represents a collection of the essential published works collated from the foremost publications in the field by an editor or editorial team of renowned international stature. They also include a full introduction, presenting a rationale for the selection and mapping out the discipline’s past, present and likely future. This series is designed to be a ‘gold standard’ for university libraries throughout the world with an interest in International Relations. Actors in international politics need to navigate a host of ethical challenges when deciding how to act in a certain context. They are confronted by the question: “What, from an ethical point of view, ought I to do?” with regard to a wide range of issues including the conduct of war, the just distribution of aid and trade, human rights, the care of the global environment, the rights of asylum seekers and refugees, genocide, money laundering, global terror and many others. This collection looks at classical and seminal research in the field with the broad framework of the moral standing of states; the moral standing of non-state actors; and the ethics of international relations. Volume One: The Society of States Volume Two: Global Civil Society: Non-State Actors in World Politics Volume Three: The Changing Constitution of Global Politics Volume Four: Ethics and Foreign Policy.
47. ‘The EU and Southeastern Europe: The Rise of Post-Liberal Governance’ in Jovan Babic, Petar Bojanic and Gazela Pudor (eds) Europe in the Emerging World Order: Searching for a New Paradigm (Belgrade: Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade), pp.152-179.
46. ‘Understanding the Gap between the Promise and the Reality of “The Responsibility to Protect”’ in Phillip Cunliffe (ed.) Critical Perspectives on the Responsibility to Protect: Interrogating Theory and Practice (London: Routledge, 2011), pp.19-34.
This edited volume critically examines the widely supported doctrine of the ‘Responsibility to Protect’, and investigates the claim that it embodies progressive values in international politics. Since the United Nations World Summit of 2005, a remarkable consensus has emerged in support of the doctrine of the ‘responsibility to protect’ (R2P) – the idea that states and the international community bear a joint duty to protect peoples around the world from mass atrocities. While there has been plenty of discussion over how this doctrine can best be implemented, there has been no systematic criticism of the principles underlying R2P. This volume is the first critically to interrogate both the theoretical principles and the policy consequences of this doctrine. The authors in this collection argue that the doctrine of R2P does not in fact embody progressive values, and they explore the possibility that the R2P may undermine political accountability within states and international peace between them. This volume not only advances a novel set of arguments, but will also spur debate by offering views that are seldom heard in discussions of R2P. The aim of the volume is to bring a range of criticisms to bear from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including international law, political science, IR theory and security studies. This book will be of much interest to students of the Responsibility to Protect, humanitarian intervention, human security, critical security studies and IR in general.
45. ‘Critiquing Global Democracy’ in Joe Hoover, Meera Sabaratnam and Laust Schouenborg (eds) Interrogating Democracy in World Politics (London: Routledge, 2011), pp.130-149.
It is often assumed that democracy is both desirable and possible in global politics. Interrogating Democracy in World Politics provides an important counter-argument to this assumption by questioning the history, meaning and concepts of democracy in contemporary international and global politics. Combining viewpoints from the fields of international relations, political theory and history, the book includes: Critical examinations of the concept of democracy as a political order and ethical ideal Assessment of the role and function of democracy in how contemporary political events are understood and evaluated Analysis of the relationship of democracy to international stability, liberalism and the emergence of capitalist economies The book focuses on the move from the concept of ‘international politics’ to ‘world politics’, recognising the equal importance of understanding democratic interaction both within and between states. It reviews current scholarly thinking in the field before providing a complex theoretical re-engagement with the meaning of democracy in contemporary world politics. Interrogating Democracy in World Politics will be of interest to students and scholars of politics and international relations, democratization studies and globalization.
44. ‘The Liberal Peace – Statebuilding, Democracy and Local Ownership’ in Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh (ed.) Rethinking the Liberal Peace: External Models and Local Alternatives (London: Routledge, 2011), pp.77-88.
This book presents a critical analysis of the liberal peace project and offers possible alternatives and models. In the past decade, the model used for reconstructing societies after conflicts has been based on liberal assumptions about the pacifiying effects of ‘open markets’ and ‘open societies’. Yet, despite the vast resources invested in helping establish the precepts of this liberal peace, outcomes have left much to be desired. The book argues that failures in the liberal peace project are not only due to efficiency problems related to its adaptation in adverse local environments, but mostly due to problems of legitimacy of turning an ideal into a doctrine for action.? The aim of the book is to scrutinize assumptions about the value of democratization and marketization and realities on the ground by combining theoretical discussions with empirical evidence from key post-conflict settings such as Iraq and Afghanistan. These?show the disparities that exist between the ideals and the reality of the liberal peace project, as seen by external peacebuilders and domestic actors. The book then proposes?various alternatives and modifications to better accommodate local perspectives, values and agency in attempts to forge a new consensus. This book will be of great interest to students of peacebuilding/peacekeeping, statebuilding, war and conflict studies, international security and IR.
43. ‘Evading the Challenge: The Limits of Global Activism’ in Thomas Olesen (ed.) Power and Transnational Activism (London: Routledge, 2010), pp.34-50.
‘Here is a valuable collection in which top-rate thinkers offer diverse assessments of the place of transnational counter-publics in contemporary politics. It is an important question, and the book offers novel and interesting answers’ – Jan Aart Scholte, University of Warwick. This book focuses on global activism and uses a power perspective to provide an in-depth and coherent analysis of both the possibilities and limitations of global activism. Bringing together scholars from IR, sociology, and political science, this book offers new and critical insights on global activism and power. It features case studies on the following social and political issues: China and Tibet, HIV/AIDS, climate change, child labour, the WTO, women and the UN, the global public sphere, regional integration, national power, world social forums, policing, media power and global civil society. It will be of interest to students and scholars of globalization, global sociology and international politics.
42. ‘Introduction’ (with Nik Hynek) in David Chandler and Nik Hynek (eds) Critical Approaches to Human Security: Rethinking Discourses of Emancipation and Power in International Relations (London: Routledge, 2010), pp.1-10.
41. ‘Rethinking Global Discourses of Security’ in David Chandler and Nik Hynek (eds) Critical Approaches to Human Security: Rethinking Discourses of Emancipation and Power in International Relations (London: Routledge, 2010), ppp.114-128.
This new book presents critical approaches towards Human Security, which has become one of the key areas for policy and academic debate within Security Studies and IR. The Human Security paradigm has had considerable significance for academics, policy-makers and practitioners. Under the rubric of Human Security, security policy practices seem to have transformed their goals and approaches, re-prioritising economic and social welfare issues?that were marginal to the state-based geo-political rivalries of the Cold War era. Human Security has reflected and reinforced the reconceptualisation of international security, both broadening and deepening it, and, in so doing, it has helped extend and shape the space within which security concerns inform international policy practices. However, in its wider use, Human Security has become an amorphous and unclear political concept, seen by some as progressive and radical and by others as tainted by association with the imposition of neo-liberal practices and values on non-Western spaces?or as legitimizing attacks on Iraq and Afghanistan. This book is concerned with critical perspectives towards Human Security, highlighting some of the tensions which can emerge between critical perspectives which discursively radicalise Human Security within frameworks of emancipatory possibility and those which attempt to deconstruct Human Security within the framework of an externally imposed attempt to regulate and order the globe on behalf of hegemonic power. The chapters gathered in this edited collection represent a range of critical approaches which bring together alternative understandings of human security. This book will be of great interest to students of human security studies and critical security studies, war and conflict studies and international relations.
40. ‘Radicalism and the Demand for Global Politics’ in Jon Pugh (ed.) What is Radical Politics Today (London: Routledge, 2009), pp.77-84.
Jonathan Pugh gathers some of the most innovative and insightful voices from Britain and beyond to stage a series of debates on the central issues facing radical politics today. This collection is a model for the kinds of discussion we need to move forward. – Michael Hardt, Duke University; With impeccable timing, this volume provides a stimulating range of perspectives on what radical politics can offer during this period of crisis and change. It deserves to be widely read and debated. – Ruth Lister, Professor of Social Policy, Loughborough University, UK; At a time when all ideologies are either exhausted or have become irrelevant, the need for a truly radical politics can hardly be exaggerated. Radical politics is about rethinking the common sense, the taken for granted assumptions, of the age. This timely and well-planned collection of essays by distinguished and concerned scholars throws much new light on where we should be looking for new ideas. It represents a major contribution to the ongoing debate on the problems of our times. – Lord Bhikhu Parek
39. ‘Global Civil Society’ in G. Honor Fagan and Ronaldo Munck (eds) Globalization and Security An Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, Social and Cultural Aspects (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2009), pp.177-194.
Globalization – the interconnections between national economies, cultures, and governments – has rapidly transformed human perspectives on the world in which we live. It has been a rapidly developing process and since 9/11, nations have increasingly focused on working together to establish collective global security. This work addresses the current need for an authoritative but accessible overview of the impact of globalization on security and its multifaceted aspects. Broad in scope, this two-volume set addresses the economic and political aspects of globalization as well as its social and cultural impacts. More important, it is the first work to focus explicitly on security, including human security broadly conceived, and the role that globalization plays in the world’s new and ever-evolving security environment.
38. ‘EU Statebuilding: Securing the Liberal Peace through EU Enlargement’ in Roger Mac Ginty and Oliver Richmond (eds) The Liberal Peace and Post-war Reconstruction: Myth or Reality? (London: Routledge, 2009), pp.103-117.
The post-Cold War has witnessed enormous levels of western peacekeeping, peacemaking and reconstruction intervention in societies emerging from war. These western-led interventions are often called ‘liberal peacebuilding’ or ‘liberal interventionism’, or statebuilding, and have attracted considerable controversy. In this study, leading proponents and critics of the liberal peace and contemporary post-war reconstruction assess the role of the United States, European Union and other actors in the promotion of the liberal peace, and of peace more generally. Key issues, including transitional justice and the acceptance/rejection of the liberal peace in African states are also considered. The failings of the liberal peace (most notably in Iraq and Afghanistan, but also in other locations) have prompted a growing body of critical literature on the motivations, mechanics and consequences of the liberal peace. This volume brings together key protagonists from both sides of the debate to produce a cutting edge, state of the art discussion of one the main trends in contemporary international relations. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Society.
37. ‘The Limits of Post-Territorial Political Community: From the Cosmopolitan Politics of Global Civil Society to the Biopolitics of the Mulititude’ in Gideon Baker and Jens Bartelson (eds) The Future of Political Community (London: Routledge/ ECPR Studies in European Political Science, 2009), pp.112-126.
This book explores the alternative futures of political community and moves beyond the critique of what is wrong with existing, state-based forms of political community. It does so not with the defence of a particular normative model of political community in mind, but rather in the quest for new ways of thinking about political community itself. Exploring how the political must be rethought in the twenty-first century and beyond, this book is divided into three parts: Part I focuses on the core problem that, despite the obvious need to rethink political community ‘beyond’ the nation state, our conceptual language is still thoroughly shaped by modernity, its prioritisation of the state and sovereignty, and its assumption of unifying progress in history. Part II focuses on postmodern political community, these chapters take up the calls made above for new thinking about political community that goes ‘beyond’ modern conceptions. Part III turns to the question of the emergence and decline of new forms of political community. The purpose of this section is to consider how the transformation of political community occurs in practice, and what the primary driver of this change is globally, locally and historically. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of International Relations, Political and Social Theory.
36. ‘Balkan Devlet İnşasi: Yönetim Değil, Yönetişim’ (trans Ayse Merve Kamaci) / ‘Balkan Statebuilding: Governance but not Government’ in Caner Sancakter (ed.) Uluslararasi Balkan Kongresi: Balkan Milletleri Arasi Etkileşim 24-25 Nisan 2008/ International Balkan Congress; Interaction Among the Balkan Nations 24-25 April 2008 Tekirdağ (Istanbul: Tasam Yayinlari), pp.129-154 / pp.155-179.
35. ‘Great Power Responsibility and “Failed States”: Strengthening Sovereignty?’ in Julia Raue and Patrick Sutter (eds) Facets and Practices of State Building (Amsterdam: Brill/Martinus Nijhoff, 2009), pp.15-30.
Drawing on a mix of international academic and field expert work, this book presents and analyses contemporary state-building efforts. It offers studies on the theoretical and practical foundations and causes of state-building, identifies the role and responsibilities of key actors and points to vital issues which merit specific attention in state-building undertakings. The book offers lessons for the future of state-building relevant to both practitioners and the academic community.
34. ‘Ideological (Mis)Use of Human Rights’, in Michael Goodhart (ed.) Human Rights: Politics and Practice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp.109-125.
Human Rights: Politics and Practice is the first comprehensive textbook for politics students. It offers an unparalleled breadth and depth of coverage, with 20 chapters written by international experts. Seven chapters introduce the main theoretical issues and challenges in the study of human rights as a political phenomenon, addressing normative foundations, international law, measurement, international relations, comparative politics, sociological and anthropological approaches, and the ideological (mis)use of human rights. Thirteen thematic chapters then offer detailed analysis and case studies of key issues in the politics and practice of human rights, such as economic globalization, genocide, the environment, and humanitarian intervention. These chapters allow students to deepen their theoretical understanding while learning about important contemporary developments. The book is accompanied by an extensive Online Resource Centre, enhancing student learning and providing valuable support for lecturers. For Students: Monthly updates Links to key documents Web links Flashcard glossary For Lecturers: Test Bank PowerPoint slides.
33. ‘Introduction: Beyond Managing Contradictions’ in David Chandler (ed.) Statebuilding and Intervention: Policies, Practices and Paradigms (London: Routledge, 2009), pp.1-14.
This edited book sets out and engages with some of the key policies, practices and paradigms of external intervention in the case of state support and reconstruction. Many assumptions about statebuilding have been reconsidered in the wake of Iraq, and ongoing problems in other states such as Afghanistan, Bosnia and Kosovo. Rather than being a regional survey or a policy-orientated ‘lessons learned’ book, this collection explores the broader framing of policy goals, statebuilding practices and the consensus on the need for Western states and international institutions to be engaged in this policy area. The volume is divided into three parts: the first engages with some of the key policy frameworks and conceptual issues raised by recent statebuilding interventions; the second considers core statebuilding practices; and the third reconsiders statebuilding paradigms more broadly. The essays open up debate and critical discussion in the field at a time when many advocates of extending statebuilding intervention suggest that the complex nature of the problems of non-Western states and societies mean that it will inevitably be contradictory and limited in its results.
32. ‘Post-Conflict Statebuilding: Governance without Government’ in Michael Pugh, Neil Cooper and Mandy Turner (eds) Whose Peace? Critical Perspectives on the Political Economy of Peacebuilding (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008), pp.337-355.
This book examines the much-neglected question of what constitutes a political economy of peace after civil conflicts and who controls it.The advent of the UN’s Peacebuilding Commission signals a growing international interest in reconstruction during and after conflict. It is original in that it tackles the question of what constitutes a political economy of peace. Currently, how it might be constructed is either assumed to be self-evident and unproblematic or simply ignored. It examines key cross-cutting issues, themes and cases that will provide a more holistic and comprehensive approach to peacebuilding. It provides critical perspectives on peacebuilding that reach beyond the technicist approach of international financial institutions and the liberal peace formulae of cadres of international capital.The book provides critical perspectives that reach beyond the technical approaches of international financial institutions and proponents of the liberal peace formula. It investigates political economies characterized by the legacies of disruption to production and exchange, by population displacement, poverty, and by ‘criminality’.
31. ‘The EU’s Promotion of Democracy in the Balkans’ in Zaki Laïdi (ed.) EU Foreign Policy in a Globalized World: Normative Power and Social Preferences (London: Routledge, 2008), pp.68-82.
Written by leading experts in the field, this volume identifies European collective preferences and analyzes to what extent these preferences inform and shape EU foreign policy and are shared by other actors in the international system. While studies of the EU’s foreign policy are not new, this book takes a very different tack from previous research. Specifically it leaves aside the institutional and bureaucratic dimensions of the European Union’s behaviour as an international actor in order to concentrate on the meanings and outcomes of its foreign policy taken in the broadest sense. Two outcomes are possible: Either Europe succeeds in imposing a norms-based international system and thus, in this case, its soft power capacity will not only have been demonstrated but will be enhanced Or, on the contrary, it does not succeed and the global system will become one where realpolitik reigns; especially once China, India and Russia attain a preponderant influence on the international scene. “EU Foreign Policy in a Globalized World” will be of interest to students and scholars of European Union politics, foreign policy and politics and international relations in general.
30. ‘The Politics of Post-Territorial “Community”‘ in Space and Time in World Politics and International Relations: Material from the Fourth Congress of the Russian International Studies Association, Moscow MGIMO University, Vol.2 ‘Identity and Sovereignty: New Approaches’ (Moscow: RISA, 2007), pp.9-22.
29. ‘Deconstructing Sovereignty, Constructing Global Civil Society’ in C. J. Bickerton, P. Cunliffe and A. Gourevitch (eds) Politics Without Sovereignty: A Critique of Contemporary International Relations (London: UCL Press, 2007), pp.150-167.
State sovereignty is under siege. The classical doctrine of sovereignty is widely seen as totalitarian, producing external aggression and internal repression. Political leaders and opinion-makers throughout the world claim that the sovereign state is a barrier to efficient global governance and the protection of human rights. Scholars from a variety of different approaches – realist, liberal, constructivist and post-structuralist – dispute the idea of a final authority in politics. Politics without Sovereignty challenges this ‘unholy alliance’ against sovereignty. Two central claims are advanced in this book. First, that the sovereign state is being undermined not by the pressures of globalization but by a diminished sense of political possibility. Second, the book demonstrates that those who deny the relevance of sovereignty have failed to offer superior alternatives to the sovereign state. Sovereignty remains the best institution to establish clear lines of political authority and accountability. It preserves the idea that people shape collectively their own destiny. The authors claim that this positive idea of sovereignty as self-determination remains integral to politics both at the domestic and international levels. This key text will be of great interest to students and scholars of Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, International Law, Development and European Studies.
28. ‘The State-Building Dilemma: Good Governance or Democratic Government?’ in A. Hehir and N. Robinson (eds) State Building: Theory and Practice (London: Routledge, 2007), pp.70-88.
This book presents a penetrating new examination of state building in international politics, drawing on case studies of key examples, including Afghanistan, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Rwanda. However, this new book does not simply provide case histories. It looks at the key themes of international state-building efforts, such as the relationship between governance and democracy and the problems of ethnic relations. It also brings together a diverse range of experts to provide a well-rounded discussion of state building in the modern era. The reader is presented with a clear explanation of why the issue of state failure has emerged as a central element in post-Cold War international relations. This volume shows why the primacy of sovereign inviolability has been challenged by both the international ascendancy of human rights and by incidents of state collapse. Following incidents where states have been the subject of humanitarian interventions, such as in Kosovo and Afghanistan, or when states have recently emerged from the disintegration of old states, as in Bosnia and East Timor, this is an excellent assessment of why the international community, either collectively or individually, have been compelled to take on the role of transitional administrators during state building.
27. ‘Introduction: Ethics and Foreign Policy: New Perspectives on an Old Problem’ (with Volker Heins) in David Chandler and Volker Heins (eds) Rethinking Ethical Foreign Policy: Pitfalls, Possibilities and Paradoxes (London: Routledge, 2007), pp.3-21.
26. ‘The Other-Regarding Ethics of “Empire in Denial”‘ in David Chandler and Volker Heins (eds) Rethinking Ethical Foreign Policy: Pitfalls, Possibilities and Paradoxes (London: Routledge, 2007), pp.161-183.
This new volume moves beyond the limits of current debate to show how today’s foreign policy is increasingly about values rather than interests and why ethics are now playing a central role. Rather than counterposing interests and ethics, trying to find ‘hidden agendas’ or emphasizing the double-standards at play in ethical foreign policy, this book brings together leading international theorists, and a variety of stimulating approaches, to develop a critical understanding of the rise of ethical foreign policy, and to analyze the limits of ethical policy-making on its own terms. They deal with the limits of ‘ethical foreign policy’ both in the light of the internal dynamic of these policies themselves, and with regard to the often unintended consequences of policies designed to better the world. This book also shows how the transformation of both the domestic and the international spheres of politics means that ethics has become a rallying point for non-state actors and experts who gather around values and norms in order to force institutions to justify their behavior. This process results from different structural changes and the transformation of the international system, the individualization of Western societies and the growing importance of expertise in the justification of decisions in risk adverse societies. It leads to a transformation of norms and to a redefinition of a global ethical framework that needs to be clarified. This book will be of great interest to all students and researchers of foreign policy formation, politics and international relations.
25. ‘The EU and Bosnia after Dayton: the Reform of International Policy towards Bosnia’ in Giovanna Bono (ed.) The impact of 11 September 2001 and the ‘War on Terror’ on European Foreign and Security Policy (Brussels: Politeia/VUB Press, 2006), pp.177-202.
The contributors to this book argue that the events of 9/11 and the ‘war on terror’ are having a significant transformative impact on European Foreign and Security Policy. This is demonstrated through an analysis of changes in the attitudes of EU officials and politicians towards the laws and norms governing the use of force and through an analysis of changes in strategies towards the Balkans, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and the United States. The impact of the ‘war on terror’ on EU military affairs is highlighted. It is argued that since 9/11 there has been a widening, deepening, and ‘securitisation’ of European Foreign and Security Policy. The widening is reflected in a broader EU commitment to crisis management and postwar reconstruction at the global level, which at times takes the form of ‘state building’. The deepening is represented by the emergence of groups of EU countries, so called ‘vanguards’, leading in foreign and security policy issues and in EU military affairs. For the first time in its history, the EU Council has also endorsed a notion of threats that is contributing to a process of ‘securitisation’ of aspects of EU internal and external policies. Giovanna Bono is a Senior Associate Fellow in European Foreign and Security Policy at the Institute for European Studies of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
24. ‘Taking Human Rights to its Limits or Why We Need a Critical Review’ in M. Brosig (ed.) Human Rights in Europe: A Fragmented Regime? (Hanover: Ibidem Verlag, 2006), pp.275-304.
The book represents an insight into current human rights developments in Europe and gives an overview of the complex, juridical and political dimensions. The contemporary development and institutionalisation of European human rights norms takes place within the structures of the European Union, OSCE, Council of Europe and a multilayered court system. Chapter II «European Organisations and Human Rights» delivers an up to date introduction into the organisation’s different approaches to human rights. Geographically the volume has a strong focus on human rights developments in Central Eastern and South Eastern Europe. Russia and Turkey are challenging cases for European human rights organisations and are dealt with in separate articles. The issue of minority rights protection forms another challenge for many Central and Eastern European Countries. The protection of Roma people is only one pressing example. Finally the book devotes a whole chapter to the EU’s external relations and human rights. The volume closes with a chapter written by David Chandler who reminds us of the limits of the human rights conception.
23. ‘Human Rights and Human Wrongs: National Identity and ‘Ethical Foreign Policy’ in N. Yuval-Davis, K. Kannabiran and U. M. Vieten (eds) The Situated Politics of Belonging (London: Sage, 2006), pp.161-175.
This sweeping collection of essays examines the racialized and gendered effects of contemporary politics of belonging, issues which lie at the heart of contemporary political and social lives. It encompasses critical questions of identity and citizenship, inclusion and exclusion, emotional attachments, violent conflicts and local/global relationships. The range – geographically, thematically and theoretically – covered by the chapters reflects current concerns in the world today. A timely contribution to the ongoing debates in the field, it will be a valuable companion to scholars working in the areas of multiculturalism, globalisation and culture, race and ethnic studies, gender studies and studies of post-partition societies.
22. ‘The Bureaucratic Gaze of International Human Rights Law’ in S. Meckled-Garcia and B. Cali (eds) The Legalization of Human Rights: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (London: Routledge, 2006), pp.117-133.
This study starts from a provocative new premise: the relationship between human rights and their legal expression is far from straightforward and urgently needs a sharp re-examination. The concept of ‘human rights’ as a universal goal is at the centre of the international stage. It is now a key part in discourse, treaties and in domestic jurisdictions. However, as this study shows, the debate around this development is actually about human rights law. This text scrutinizes the extent to which legalization shapes the human rights ideal, and surveys its ethical, political and practical repercussions. How does the law influence what we think about rights? What more is there to such rights than their legal protection? These expert contributors approach these questions from a range of perspectives: political theory/moral theory, anthropology, sociology, international law, international politics and political science, to deliver a diversity of methodologies. This book is essential reading for those wishing to develop a clear understanding of the relationship between human rights ideals and laws and for those working toward the fostering of a genuine human rights culture.
21. ‘Introduction: Peace without Politics?’ in David Chandler (ed.) Peace without Politics? Ten Years of International State-Building in Bosnia (London: Routledge, 2006), pp.1-15.
20. ‘Bosnia: From Dayton to Europe’ in David Chandler (ed.) Peace without Politics? Ten Years of International State-Building in Bosnia (London: Routledge, 2006), pp.30-43.
Ten years on from the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in November 1995, the legacy of the Bosnian war still shapes every aspect of the political, social and economic environment of the tiny state. This state of affairs is highlighted by the fact that Bosnia is still under international control, with the Office of the International High Representative regularly using its powers to dismiss elected presidents, prime-ministers and MPs and to impose legislation over the resistance of elected legislatures at national, regional and local level. What has changed in the ten years since Dayton? Is international regulation helping to establish a sustainable peace in Bosnia? What lessons can be learned for nation-building in Bosnia? This volume was previously published as a special issue of the leading journal International Peacekeeping.
19. ‘Undermining Politics: The International Fight against Corruption in Bosnia-Herzegovina’ in F. Bieber and C. Wieland (eds) Facing the Past, Facing the Future: Confronting Ethnicity and Conflict in Bosnia and Former Yugoslavia (Ravenna, Italy: Angelo Longa Editore/ University of Bologna, 2005), pp.131-150.
C. Wieland, Introduction – C. Wieland, Demolishing the myth of homogeneous “ethnic” blocks. Bosnia in comparative perspective. part one – facing the past: S. Šelo Šabic, Post-War State Building: Germany in 1945 and Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1995 – B. Bijelic, Balkans, Stereotypes, Violence and Responsibility – E.D. Gordy, What does it mean to break with the past? part two – ethnic conflict from a distance – a misunderstanding?: C. O’Sullivan, Observations on the U.S. News Media and the Resolution of Ethnic Conflict: its Influence on Public Opinion and the Process of Peace-Building – M. Vandiver, Teaching Students in the United States about Genocide in Bosnia: Challenges and Possiblitie. part three – facing the future: D. Chandler, Undermining Politics: The International Fight against Corruption in Bosnia-Herzegovina – F. Bieber, Power Sharing, Political Representation and Group Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
18. ‘The Responsibility to Protect: Imposing the “Liberal Peace”?’ in A. J. Bellamy and P. Williams (eds) Peace Operations and Global Order (London: Taylor and Francis, 2005), pp.59-82.
Peacekeeping in Global Politics investigates the changing role of peacekeeping and competing perspectives about what that role should be. It begins by addressing broad issues connected with the transition from a Westphalian international society, the ethical and legal dilemmas provoked by armed intervention and the alternative ways of conceptualising the role that peacekeeping plays. It goes on to critically chart the development of ‘traditional’ peacekeeping before outlining how the role of force in peacekeeping operations has changed and the close links between peacekeeping, conflict prevention and conflict resolution. The final part of the volume focuses specifically on globalization and the effects it has had on peacekeeping practices. In particular, it focuses on the changing conflict environment, the growing tendency towards subcontracting peacekeeping duties and the development of regional peacekeeping capabilities. Overall, this volume makes two contributions to the way we think about peackeeping: first, it demonstrates that the theory and practice of peacekeeping is embedded in global politics and second it shows that there is an ongoing debate about what peacekeeping is for.
17. (with Gideon Baker) ‘Introduction’ in Gideon Baker and David Chandler (eds), Global Civil Society: Contested Futures (London: Routledge, 2005), pp.1-14.
16. ‘Constructing Global Civil Society’ in Gideon Baker and David Chandler (eds), Global Civil Society: Contested Futures (London: Routledge, 2005), pp.149-70.
For many commentators, global civil society is revolutionising our approach to global politics, as new non-state-based and border-free expressions of political community challenge territorial sovereignty as the exclusive basis for political community and identity. This challenge ‘from below’ to the nation-state system is increasingly seen as promising nothing less than a reconstruction, or a re-imagination, of world politics itself. Whether in terms of the democratisation of the institutions of global governance, the spread of human rights across the world, or the emergence of a global citizenry in a world-wide public sphere, global civil society is understood by many to provide the agency necessary to these hoped-for transformations. Global Civil Society asks whether this idea is such a qualitatively new phenomenon after all; whether the transformation of the states’ system is actually within its reach; and what some of its drawbacks might be. This collection brings together and clarifies emerging positions on global civil society and the key points of overlap and disagreement between them. The authors explore and critically evaluate a variety of perspectives: the cosmopolitan vision; the view of global civil society as transnational movements advocating a growing moralisation of world politics; the neo-Gramscian approach and the more sceptical views, advancing new possibilities for understanding the role of non-state actors in global politics. This book brings together for the first time the whole range of established and alternative voices on global civil society, both congratulatory and critical, to set a marker for the state of the debate about global civil society today. Many of the authors provide new perspectives on what global civil society means today. This book will prove invaluable for students and researchers in the fields of International Politics, Democratization and Civil Society.
15. ‘”Good Governance” Can Make Bad Government: A Study of International Anti-Corruption Initiatives in Bosnia-Herzegovina’ in J. Demmers, B. Hogenboom and A. F. Jilberto (eds) Good Governance in the Era of Global Neoliberalism: Conflict and Depolitization in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa (London: Routledge, 2004), pp.161-179.
This collection aims to critically examine the new global policy of ‘Good Governance’. This catchphrase of aid policy and development thinking has been the subject of too little analysis to date. This book will redress the balance. It places the prefix ‘good’, and exactly what that means, under the microscope and examines the impact of neoliberal governance in a wide range of countries and territories, including Chile, Russia, Argentina and Indonesia.
14. ‘Democratization in Bosnia: The Limits of Civil Society Building Strategies’ in P. Burnell and P. Calvert (eds) Civil Society in Democratization (London: Taylor & Francis, 2004), pp.225-249.
This title brings together competing theories of civil society with critical studies of the role of civil society in diverse situations and the way in which it has been promoted as the key to democratization. The combination of contemporary theory and practical applications provides valuable reading for students of civil society and contemporary social and political change, and its policy implications for Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.
13. (with HelpAge International) ‘What hawks and doves can learn from Helena: Social inclusion in EU development aid’ in H. Mollett (ed) Europe in the World: Essays on EU Foreign, Security and Development Policies (London: British Overseas NGOs for Development [BOND], 2003), pp.87-93.
12. ‘Governance: the Unequal Partnership’ in W. van Meurs (ed.) South Eastern Europe: Weak States and Strong International Support, Prospects and Risks Beyond EU Enlargement, Vol. 2 (Opladen: Leske and Budrich/ Bertelsmann Foundation, 2003), pp.79-98.
With the European Union´s upcoming eastern enlargement, Europe is confronted with the necessity of creating security and stability beyond the EU borders in Eastern and Southeastern Europe. This task includes not only numerous risks but also opportunities to face the challenges of the 21st century. This volume provides policy-oriented recommendations and differentiated assessments for all nine states and entities of the region, as well as for the policy areas of governance, economy and security. The authors explore the unintended consequences and side-effects of massive support for reforms and external influence on weak states. A concept for a “Mulit-Layered Europe” is developed for the strategic dilemmas concerning the current debate on “Wilder Europe”. The unique alliance between analytical output and strategic thinking makes the book valuable for the academic community and for persons responsible for Europe´s future. The volume is one of two from a joint project on “Security in Europa and beyond its borders” of the Bertelsmann Foundation in Guetersloh and the Center for Applied Policy Research in Munich.
11. ‘International Justice’ in Daniele Archibugi (ed.) Debating Cosmopolitics (London: Verso, 2003), pp.27-39.
Cosmopolitics, the concept of a world politics based on shared democratic values, is in an increasingly fragile state. While Western democracies insist ever more vehemently upon a maintenance of their privileges – freedom of speech, security, wealth – an increasing number of the world’s inhabitants are under threat of poverty, famine and war. What is needed, the writers here-suggest is, a deliberate decision to extend the principles and values of democracy to the sphere of international relations. Recent experience does not bode well, but their arguments, which range from reform of the United Nations, reduction of military weapons, additional power for international judiciary institutions and an increase in aid to developing countries, urge new and inspired action.
10. ‘Introduction’, and ‘The Limits of Human Rights and Cosmopolitan Citizenship’ in David Chandler (ed.) Rethinking Human Rights (London: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2002), pp.115-135.
Rethinking Human Rights brings together a team of authors from fields as diverse as political theory, peace studies, international law and media studies concerned with a new international agenda of human rights promotion. The collection presents an original and tightly argued critique of current trends and deals with a range of questions concerning the implication of human rights approaches for humanitarian aid, state sovereignty, international law, democracy and political autonomy.
9. ‘Protecting the Global Citizen?’ in Mut zur Ethik (eds) Grundrechte, Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Völkerrecht versus Krieg (Zurich: Verlag Menschenkenntnis, 2002), pp.385-392.
8. ‘Making the World Safe for Human Rights: A Closer Look at Kosovo’ in G. Dempsey (ed.) Exiting the Balkan Thicket? Policy Options for the New Administration (Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 2002), pp.33-47.
Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, American policymakers have been forced to reassess their priorities and consider longer-term and more flexible strategies for meeting unexpected contingencies in the post-Cold War world. Currently, the United States is the only competent Western power at the most intense and technologically sophisticated end of military operations and the expected hand-holder of its European allies at the most basic peacekeeping end. Exiting the Balkan Thicket reviews the West’s experiences in Bosnia and Kosovo and provides recommendations on how the United States can move beyond the status quo and forge a better balanced and more forward-looking security relationship with its European allies. Featuring chapters by Ted Galen Carpenter, vice president for defense and foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute; David Chandler, research fellow with the Policy Research Institute at Leeds Metropolitan University; Robert M. Hayden, director of the Center for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Pittsburgh; John C. Hulsman, senior European analyst at the Heritage Foundation; E. Wayne Merry, senior fellow at the Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Center; Stephen Schwartz, author of Kosovo: Background to a War; and Raju G. C. Thomas, Allis Chalmers Professor of International Affairs at Marquette University.
7. ‘Kosovo Elections, 28 October 2000: Failing the Test of Democracy?’ in Christine Stone (ed.) Democracy and Human Rights Yearbook 2001 (Oxford: British Helsinki Human Rights Group, 2001), pp.53-57.
6. ‘Bosnia: Profile of a NATO Protectorate’ in Tariq Ali (ed.) Masters of the Universe? Nato’s Balkan Adventure (London: Verso, 2000), pp.271-84.
Harold Pinter, Edward Said, Oskar Lafontaine, Yevgeny Yevtushenko and other distinguished dissidents explain their opposition to NATO’s war in the Balkans.
5. ‘Western Intervention and the Disintegration of Yugoslavia, 1989-1999’, in E. S. Herman and P. Hammond (eds) Degraded Capability: the Media and the Kosovo Crisis (London: Pluto Press, 2000), pp.19-30.
The media served a highly partisan and propagandistic role in NATO’s Kosovo war, uncritically reproducing official spin in a way that was incompatible with their proclaimed democratic role as objective purveyors of information. This book integrates a critical interpretation of Western policy towards the former Yugoslavia with analysis of media coverage of the Kosovo crisis and war. The first part of the book deals with the war itself and the build-up to it, placing this in the context of earlier Western intervention in Yugoslavia. Part two discusses key issues raised by the media coverage, including the demonisation of the enemy, and the role of CNN. In the final section, contributors analyse how the war was reported in different countries around the world, including the United States, Britain, Germany, India, Greece, Russia, and France. The book offers a corrective to the hysteria and misinformation that permeated media coverage. Subjects covered include the role of the Internet, the changing media-military relationship, the depiction and definition of “war crimes”, and how Yugoslav television was presented as a legitimate military target. Contributors include John Pilger, Edward S. Herman, Phil Hammond, Diana Johnstone, Jim Naureckas and Jan Oberg.
4. ‘The OSCE and the Internationalisation of National Minority Rights’ in K. Cordell (ed.) Ethnicity and Democratisation in the New Europe (London: Routledge, 1999), pp.61-73.
Ethnicity and Democratisation in the New Europe explores the complex relationship between ethnicity and democratisation, focusing on the newly emerging Europe. Divided into two parts, the book begins by conceptualising the nature of ethnicity and relating these ideas to different theories of democracy and democratisation. It then presents a series of case studies which complement and build upon the theories presented in the first part. The case studies cover ethnic experiences in both democratised and democratising European countries including: Spain, Germany, Austria, Poland, Russia, Albania and Hungary. The contributors locate ethnic experiences within a series of common frameworks to shed light on key issues such as: the effect of democratisation and authoritarian rule on ethnic tensions; the extent to which ethnicity is constructed as an ideological tool; the ways in which democratisation offers socio-political accommodation; whether assimilation is a precondition for democratisation. This accessible study will familiarise students with a range of key conceptual and comparative issues in ethnicity, nation-building and the process of democratisation, and will challenge many traditionally held views about the nature of ethnicity in New Europe.
3. ‘Vom Demokratie-Schwindel in Dayton zur Demokratie-Abschaffung in Rambouillet’ in T. Deichmann and K. Bittermann (ed.) Wie Dr. Joseph Fischer lernte, die Bombe zu lieben: Die Grunen, die SPD, die Nato und der Krieg auf dem Balkan (Berlin: Edition Tiamat, 1999), pp.38-49.
Es exisitieren leider nur wenige wirklich NATO / USA kritische Bücher zu dem Thema Kosovo-Krieg. Dies ist eines jener, die vor allem die Rolle der USA in diesem “humanitären Krieg” geostrategisch, wirtschatlich und militärisch untersucht haben. Es handelt sich um eine Reihe verschiedener Autoren, die wohl bekanntesten unter ihnen sind: Noam Chomsky, Ernst-Otto Czempiel, Erich Schmidt-Eenboom und Mira Beham. Die Beiträge sind allesamt kritisch und leicht verständlich geschrieben; sie sind deskriptiv und analysieren die wirklichen Ziele der von den USA angeführten NATO. Es ist gut zu wissen, daß es nicht nur Mediengelenkte Bücher zu diesem wichtigen Thema gibt.
2. ‘A New Look at the Democratisation Process: The Case Study of Bosnia-Herzegovina Post-Dayton’ in J. Sevic and G. Wright (eds) Transition in Central and Eastern Europe, Vol.2 (Belgrade: YASF, 1997), pp.217-241.
1. ‘The Internationalisation of Minority Rights Protection in Eastern Europe’ in I. Hampshire-Monk and J. Stanyer (eds) Contemporary Political Studies, Vol.1 (Belfast: The Political Studies Association of Great Britain, 1996).